Erik Erikson’s Theory of Psychosocial Development

Erik Erikson’s Theory of Psychosocial Development Erik Erikson was the Student and follower of Sigmund Freud. Left his native land, Germany, in 1930′s and immigrated to America, where he studied Native American traditions of human development, and continued his work as a psychoanalyst introduce Theory of Psychosocial Development
• Broke with his teacher over the fundamental view about what motivates/ drives human behavior. For Freud, it was ‘biology’ or more specifically the biological instincts of life and aggression (Eros and Thanatos). For Erikson, the most important force that drives human behavior and which helps in the development of personality was “social interaction”.
• His developmental theory of the “Eight Stages of Man” (Erikson, 1950) was unique and different in the sense that it covered the entire lifespan rather than ‘childhood’ and ‘adolescent development’.
He believed that social environment combined with biological maturation results in a set of “crises” that must be resolved. see more Erik Erikson’s Stages of Psychosocial Development
• The individual passes through the “sensitive period” and crisis at different stages, which has to be resolved successfully before a new crisis is presented. The results of the resolution, whether successful or not, are passed on to the next crisis and provide the foundation for its resolution

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