Identifying topic to Research Problem can be identified in a number of ways Non-manipulative/descriptive Methods The methods in which the phenomenon of interest is studied the way it exists in nature. The researcher topic does not interfere with the events, and acts as a passive recorder.
Manipulative/Experimental Methods The methods that is responsible for the scientific nature of psychology. In these methods the researcher exercises control over the variables and events. He may introduce variables of interest, or may withhold them. These methods are used for determining cause and effect relationships.
Descriptive Research Methods
Topic Observation Systematic observation is used; one of the Research methods most frequently employed by anthropologists, sociologists and ethnologists.
• Phenomenon of interest is observed, studied, and the observations are recorded.
• The recorded observations are analyzed.
• Conclusions are drawn on the basis of analysis.
Topic Naturalistic Observation
Type of observation in which the phenomenon of interest is studied/observed in the natural setting without any interference by the observer; The observer may make narrative records, take field notes, use audio or video equipment, or may use a combination of some or all strategies.