Muslim Philosophy about Psychology the contributions of the Muslim scientists in the field of physiological treatment are very significant besides their contribution to “psychotherapy.”
Muslim Philosophy and Mental Health Muslim Philosophers presented concise and clear ideas about the types, actions and functions of human nature A child is born pure. He has both the positive and negative forces, but they are not at conflict at that time and are in complete harmony. Man has been given the ability to differentiate Between good and bad
• The period which was called Europe’s Dark Age was the period when Muslim philosophy, science, and knowledge flourished.
• Initially mental disorders were taken to be caused by super-natural phenomena and therefore the cure was done through witchcraft and magic .On the contrary, Muslims presented the “humane concept” of mental treatment. They gave new ideas and concepts about mental health, personality and rehabilitation of the mentally ill
• Muslim thinkers and philosophers established the first mental hospital in Spain
Muslim Philosophy: Types of Soul
Man is a compound of body and soul. Soul is of two types:
2. ROOH-E- HAEWANI
The part of the soul that makes it possible for man to make a connection with God. At the same time bodily needs should also be not denied satisfaction. If there is a balance between body and soul, then the individual is normal.
• Man possesses ‘Nafs’ or the soul.
• It is the force with the help of which man fulfills all his desires.
Levels of ‘Nafs’
Nafs is divided into three levels:
2. Nafs-e-Liwama. /Nafs-e- Natiqua.
3. Nafs-e- Ammaraa
•At this stage, the body and soul are in complete harmony.
•There is no conflict between good and bad and man is satisfied physically, mentally and spiritually.
•At this stage, the conflict between good and bad starts, both positive and negative forces clash with each other.
•Man is in a state of “do” and “don’t”.
•At this stage, negative forces have a complete control over the individual.
•It is the animal tendency of man, the baser self.
•All bad habits and wrong doings are due to this Nafs e.g. greed, pride, anger, lust, hatred
etc. That’s why; philosophers emphasized the control of this Nafs. The outlet of these negative forces is essential; otherwise man becomes mentally ill, and enemy of himself.