Educational psychology is a science of education which mainly deals with the problems of teaching, Scope and learning and helps the teacher in his task of modifying the learner’s behavior and bringing about all-round development of his personality. Therefore, while in psychology the scope of study and the field of operation are extended to cover the behavior of all living organisms related to all their life activities, while in educational psychology the scope of such behavioral study has to be limited within the confines of the teaching-learning process, i.e. studying the behavior of the earners in relation to their educational environment, specifically for the satisfaction of their educational needs and the all-round development of their personality.
Specifically, thus, the subject matter of educational psychology must be centered around them process of teaching and learning for enabling the teacher and learners to do their jobs as satisfactorily as possible.
The following questions should be answered by an educational psychologist today:
1. How are children’s abilities, knowledge, and effective characteristics related to objectives of education?
2. How does knowledge of learning process and theories contribute to more efficient learning and teaching?
3. How do characteristics of the learner effect his readiness to learn and efficiency of learning?
4. How do characteristics of the teacher affect pupil learning?
5. How do the behaviors of the teacher and the student affect efficiency of learning?
New horizons in educational psychology, are thus inviting the attention of the educationists and psychologists. Educational psychology contributes a lot to the area of teaching and learning as well as a behavioral science applied in the class-room situation. Its main contribution lies in the understanding of the pupils as well as developing systematic programs, according to the potentials and needs of the pupils and the community.
Psychology of education helps the teacher to probe into and develop skills for effective functioning. The teacher has to function as an evaluator for measuring the outcome of his teaching. Thus, the various roles and functions of a teacher are facilitated by his knowledge and application of educational psychology. In short, educational psychology provides a frame-work for looking at the learner, the learning process and the learning situation together.
Teaching is thus based upon mastery of three areas:
a) knowledge and concept
b) teaching skills and
c) decision-making skills
the knowledge of educational psychology helps a teacher to be more aware of class room behavior, to interpret the significance of such behavior and to plan purposeful strategy for bringing the desired changes in the pupil’s behavior.
Successful teachers hold realistic attitude towards students. Psychology of education orients a teacher to form the strategies as well as provides the skill to reach them.