Growth Hormones of Anterior Lobe distinguishable regions in the gland in human body that have different secretions Hormone effects and functions
Growth Hormone: Protein that regulates and also stimulates the:
• growth of bones,
• muscles, and other organs of the body by promoting protein synthesis. The effect of this hormone is important and very much apparent because it effects height.
Growth Hormonal Problems
If there is very little or no secretion of this hormone in a child, then the child may become a pituitary dwarf small in stature.
• If there is too much secretion of this hormone in the body, then there is exaggerated bone growth in a person and the person become exceptionally tall or a giant.
• This rare condition is usually caused by a pituitary tumor and can be treated by removing the tumor.
• When the pituitary gland fails to produce adequate amounts of growth hormone, a child’s growth in height is impaired/ disturbed.
• Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) may also occur in children who have deficiency of this growth hormone effects particularly infants and young children with this condition.
Thyroid-stimulating hormone: effects the glandular cells of the thyroid so that it secretes thyroid hormone. The thyroid gland become enlarged and secretes too much thyroid hormone if there is hyper secretion of thyroid- stimulating hormone.
Adrenocorticotropic hormone: Cortical hormones especially cortisol are secreted when it reacts with the receptor cells in the cortex of the adrenal gland.
Gonadotropic hormones: Regulate the development, growth, and function of gonads and ovaries by reacting along with receptor cells present in these organs.
Prolactin Hormone: Helps in promoting the development of glandular tissues in the female breasts during pregnancy and as a result stimulates milk production after the birth of the infant.